Jung and Psyche
Jung's psychology is uniquely concerned with the notion of Soul.
Born in Switzerland in 1875 he first worked as a psychiatrist at the renowned Burgholzli Institute. Here he realised that the apparently senseless fantasies of the patients reflected important unconscious contents and that healing could only occur if these images were taken seriously.
For a period he worked with Freud in the newly emerging psychoanalytic movement, but he became aware that Freud's reductive approach differed profoundly from his own.
He therefore began to develop what he called Analytical Psychology. As he described in his autobiography, Memories Dreams Reflections, much of the basis for this new approach to psyche came out of the difficult period after his break with Freud, when he made his own descent into the underworld of the unconscious psyche.
Over the next forty years Jung established Analytical Psychology as a radical alternative to psychoanalysis. Jung emphasised the importance of the mythic, imaginal background to the psyche, best approached through dream and fantasy. Rather than delve exclusively into the childhood memories of his patients, Jung preferred to look forward, asking the question, “What does the soul want of this person?”